• Know your new consumer rights

    This short video summaries the main elements of the new Consumer Rights Act 2015.

    published: 23 Oct 2015
  • How Norway’s Consumer Council wins revision of privacy terms and conditions from Apple and others

    http://www.privacylaws.com Speaker: Finn Myrstad, Head of Digital Services, Norwegian Consumer Council, Oslo Recorded at the Privacy Laws & Business 29th Annual International Conference Great Expectations 4 - 6 July 2016, Cambridge, UK http://www.privacylaws.com • The Norwegian Consumer Council’s (NCC) successful negotiations with Apple on its privacy terms and conditions • The NCC’s complaint to the Data Ombudsman that Tinder's terms and conditions are illegal under Norwegian and EU consumer and privacy laws • The NCC’s complaint to the Data Ombudsman about US-based FitnessKeeper, the US-based company behind fitness app Runkeeper • What we can learn about the scope for collective action and action by EU-based consumer representative bodies under the EU Data Protection Regulation.

    published: 04 Aug 2016
  • Joy Warren – talks about Hull City Council (UK) pushing to fluoridate the water

    I live in Hull and was horrified to discover that the local council are planning to fluoridate the water when most of Europe is opting to ban it due to health risks. My instant reaction is to stand up to this insane proposal which is being pushed on the back of poor dental health in a number of young children in the region. My desire to help out where possible in educating local people led me to meet the wonderful Joy Warren who is the guest on this weeks Reclaiming Perception. I wanted to give Joy a platform to discuss in great details the FACTS that challenge the Councils arguments and to truly educate people of what this toxin does to the human body. Joy Warren has worked in the West Midlands all her life, including several years in Government Departments and at the University of Warwi...

    published: 04 Mar 2017
  • CPDP 2017: DIGITAL RIGHTS AND ENFORCEMENT.

    Organised by EDPS Chair: Giovanni Buttarelli, EDPS (EU) Moderator: Orla Lynskey, LSE (UK) Panel: Christian Bongard, German Competition Authority (DE), Angela Daly, Queensland University of Technology (AU), Willem Debeuckelaere, Belgian Privacy Commission (BE), Ana Gomes, MEP (PT), Finn Myrstad, Norwegian Consumer Council (NO) The EU Digital Single Market strategy seeks to exploit potential benefits of big data and machine learning. However, infusing these technologies with values and rights set out in the Lisbon Treaty and the Charter of Fundamental Rights has proved to be challenging. Different regulators in the areas of data protection, consumer law and antitrust as well as sectoral bodies driven by the shared objective – the protection of fundamental rights – have been supervising c...

    published: 27 Jan 2017
  • The Fall of the UK Pub

    The UK's traditional pub is facing last orders. The British Beer and Pub Association says a record 52 pubs are closing every week and 5000 have shut in the past three years. Competition from supermarkets and the sharp downturn in consumer spending are all piling on the pressure. Neil Williams of the British Beer and Pub Association says high prices are also to blame. [Neil Williams, British Beer and Pub Association]: "The pub trade is experiencing a really perfect storm of adverse conditions at the moment. We've got the credit crunch and the recession, which is doing huge damage to lots of pubs. We've also had massive increases on government tax on beer, which is still the key product for pubs. In the last 18 months, we've had a 20 percent increase, and also the government co...

    published: 06 Aug 2009
  • 17th Edition Domestic Inspection and Testing Initial Verification

    PLEASE NOTE A REVISED VERSION OF THE FULL VIDEO WITH CHANGES FOR AMD3:2015 IS NOW AVAILABLE ON LEARNINGLOUNGE This excerpt from a video produced with NICEIC works through an initial verification for a new electrical installation. Practical guidance for the step by step approach is provided by NICEIC's Tony Cable and LearningLounge.com's Dave Austin. The full video can be purchased on private use DVD from www.niceicdirect.com it is also available online at www.learninglounge.com For our full content synopsis follow the link below www.learninglounge.com/supportdocs/electrical.pdf

    published: 20 May 2012
  • Council tax follow up call..Demands made upon my person, must see 2017 Update

    Tbc

    published: 10 Jan 2017
  • CI Congress: Ed Mayo interview

    Interview with Ed Mayo, Director of the National Consumer Council (UK). Recorded at the CI World Congress 2007.

    published: 30 Oct 2007
  • CPDP 2016: Appfail or appwin? Towards consumer rights and privacy in mobile apps.

    Appfail or appwin? Towards consumer rights and privacy in mobile apps. Organised by the Norwegian Consumer Council Chair Julie Brill, Federal Trade Commission (US) Moderator: Andrew Rebera, Synektica (UK) Panel: Finn Myrstad, Norwegian Consumer Council (NO), Romain Robert, EDPS (EU), Richard Tynan, Privacy International (UK), Marc van der Ham, Google (BE) Mobile apps are increasingly necessary in our everyday lives; they are our links to our social networks, our workout buddies, and our freinds. With increasing data brokering and a growing industry willing to pay for user data, there is little incentive for legal compliance. This causes users to mistrust technological products and services, which, in turn, has a chilling effect on the digital economy. In this regard, it seems that sm...

    published: 25 Feb 2016
  • Retail 2030: New Challenges for Location Analysis

    Dr. Jonathan Reynolds, Consumer Data Research Centre, University of Oxford - This year’s Retail Location Analysis (RLA) programme at University of Oxford included contributions from two Consumer Data Research Centre (http://cdrc.ac.uk/) investigators, Dr. Jonathan Reynolds and Prof Alex Singleton. CDRC is an Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC) Data Investment. Retail Location Analysis (http://www.sbs.ox.ac.uk/faculty-research/oxirm/workshops-and-training/rla) is an annual executive education programme run by the Oxford Institute of Retail Management within the Said Business School’s programme portfolio, now in its 29th year. It is designed for retail managers with oversight of or day-to-day responsibility for planning and development. University of Oxford, Said Business School, ...

    published: 15 Jun 2015
  • The Chinese e commerce opportunity Selling Direct to Chinese Consumers through the Royal Mail T mal

    With 688 million internet users and over 300 million online shoppers, there has never been a better time to reach Chinese shoppers and businesses via online channels. - Are you an SME looking at the Chinese market? - Are you put off by the perceived cost and complexity associated with entering China? - Would you like to find out what the real opportunity is and how you could benefit from it? Royal Mail and Avenue51 together with the China Britain Business Council invites you to rewatch a one-hour webinar held on May 4th focused on the opportunity provided by the Chinese e-commerce market with particular focus on the Royal Mail’s Tmall Global Store. Speakers include representatives of Royal Mail’s Tmall team, Avenue51’s China e-commerce specialists and CBBC's sector lead for e-commerce....

    published: 04 May 2016
  • Industrial Design Council of Australia - Consumer Education Film

    This film was created in the 1970s by the Industrial Design Council of Australia to educate the general public on value of good design.

    published: 28 Aug 2008
  • How to choose the best heating technician in Ireland

    http://www.oftec.co.uk/Consumers/FindTechnician This video explains how to select the right heating business to install or service your oil, solid fuel or renewable heating system. For efficient, safe and reliable heating, it’s wise to select a heating business that is OFTEC registered. It means their technicians have taken an approved training course and assessment and been independently inspected by OFTEC. In England and Wales, OFTEC registered installers can undertake work without needing to submit a building control notice. Their work is covered by OFTEC’s workmanship warranty and, once the job is finished, they will notify the installation on your behalf, ensuring you have the correct legal paperwork should you move home. Keeping your heating system running efficiently is also impo...

    published: 27 Mar 2017
  • Does your electricity keep tripping off? Some simple tips to fix it.

    Does your electricity keep switching off ? This video gives some simple things to check in order to find what is causing the problem. My new website on DIY ,household repairs ,plumbing and heating is at http://www.dereton33.com

    published: 15 Apr 2013
  • Consumer Protection- A Brief

    In this module, the learner will understand the concept of consumer protection, its importance in society, methodologies for the same and disputes redressal mechanism in brief. This is a product of Mexus Education Pvt. Ltd., an education innovations company based in Mumbai, India. http://www.mexuseducation.com, http://www.ikenstore.in

    published: 05 Dec 2012
  • Bagged Salads and Salmonella - University of Leicester

    Investigations by University of Leicester microbiologists have revealed that just a small amount of damage to salad leaves could massively stimulate the presence of the food poisoning bug Salmonella in ready-prepared salad leaves. The scientists have discovered that juices released from damaged leaves also had the effect of enhancing the virulence of the pathogen, potentially increasing its ability to cause infection in the consumer. The research is led by Dr Primrose Freestone of the University’s Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation and PhD student Giannis Koukkidis, who has been funded by a Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council i-case Studentship. Their research investigates novel methods of preventing food poisoning pathogens from attaching to the surfa...

    published: 18 Nov 2016
Know your new consumer rights

Know your new consumer rights

  • Order:
  • Duration: 5:17
  • Updated: 23 Oct 2015
  • views: 4025
videos
This short video summaries the main elements of the new Consumer Rights Act 2015.
https://wn.com/Know_Your_New_Consumer_Rights
How Norway’s Consumer Council wins revision of privacy terms and conditions from Apple and others

How Norway’s Consumer Council wins revision of privacy terms and conditions from Apple and others

  • Order:
  • Duration: 14:21
  • Updated: 04 Aug 2016
  • views: 27
videos
http://www.privacylaws.com Speaker: Finn Myrstad, Head of Digital Services, Norwegian Consumer Council, Oslo Recorded at the Privacy Laws & Business 29th Annual International Conference Great Expectations 4 - 6 July 2016, Cambridge, UK http://www.privacylaws.com • The Norwegian Consumer Council’s (NCC) successful negotiations with Apple on its privacy terms and conditions • The NCC’s complaint to the Data Ombudsman that Tinder's terms and conditions are illegal under Norwegian and EU consumer and privacy laws • The NCC’s complaint to the Data Ombudsman about US-based FitnessKeeper, the US-based company behind fitness app Runkeeper • What we can learn about the scope for collective action and action by EU-based consumer representative bodies under the EU Data Protection Regulation.
https://wn.com/How_Norway’S_Consumer_Council_Wins_Revision_Of_Privacy_Terms_And_Conditions_From_Apple_And_Others
Joy Warren – talks about Hull City Council (UK) pushing to fluoridate the water

Joy Warren – talks about Hull City Council (UK) pushing to fluoridate the water

  • Order:
  • Duration: 2:00:00
  • Updated: 04 Mar 2017
  • views: 19
videos
I live in Hull and was horrified to discover that the local council are planning to fluoridate the water when most of Europe is opting to ban it due to health risks. My instant reaction is to stand up to this insane proposal which is being pushed on the back of poor dental health in a number of young children in the region. My desire to help out where possible in educating local people led me to meet the wonderful Joy Warren who is the guest on this weeks Reclaiming Perception. I wanted to give Joy a platform to discuss in great details the FACTS that challenge the Councils arguments and to truly educate people of what this toxin does to the human body. Joy Warren has worked in the West Midlands all her life, including several years in Government Departments and at the University of Warwick. She gained a BSc. (Hons) in Environmental Science in 2002 following which she inspired the Warwick Environment Network which was succeeded by Warwick University adopting formal environment programmes. In 2007, she became the University’s Environment Programmes Coordinator, a job which she held for three years prior to retirement. As a member of FoE, she was also instrumental in preventing the building of Coventry City’s second waste incinerator, thus paving the way for the City’s successful recycling programme. She is particularly concerned about the detrimental effects on our health of substances which are deliberately and accidentally introduced into our environment. She has researched the fluoridation controversy since 2004 although other artificial and naturally-occurring health-damaging substances also concern her. Having acquired a Certificate in Health and Nutrition, she avoids doctors and allopathic medicine and instead, self-treats. It goes without saying that she avoids ingesting and absorbing fluoride even though she lives in a fluoridated city. During the past seven years, she has collaborated with three other anti-fluoridation groups in Hampshire, Bedford and Wakefield and has successfully helped them to prevent water fluoridation. Initial attempts to fluoridate Barnsley and Nottingham have been put on the back burner due to her activity. Her current focus is on Hull and the East Riding. Groups Joy is supporting / affiliated with West Midlands Against Fluoridation UK Freedom From Fluoride Alliance Joy Warren, BSc. (Hons) Environmental Science Coordinator, West Midlands Against Fluoridation Joint Coordinator, UK Freedom From Fluoride Alliance
https://wn.com/Joy_Warren_–_Talks_About_Hull_City_Council_(Uk)_Pushing_To_Fluoridate_The_Water
CPDP 2017: DIGITAL RIGHTS AND ENFORCEMENT.

CPDP 2017: DIGITAL RIGHTS AND ENFORCEMENT.

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:04:16
  • Updated: 27 Jan 2017
  • views: 1
videos
Organised by EDPS Chair: Giovanni Buttarelli, EDPS (EU) Moderator: Orla Lynskey, LSE (UK) Panel: Christian Bongard, German Competition Authority (DE), Angela Daly, Queensland University of Technology (AU), Willem Debeuckelaere, Belgian Privacy Commission (BE), Ana Gomes, MEP (PT), Finn Myrstad, Norwegian Consumer Council (NO) The EU Digital Single Market strategy seeks to exploit potential benefits of big data and machine learning. However, infusing these technologies with values and rights set out in the Lisbon Treaty and the Charter of Fundamental Rights has proved to be challenging. Different regulators in the areas of data protection, consumer law and antitrust as well as sectoral bodies driven by the shared objective – the protection of fundamental rights – have been supervising compliance of new technologies. But they tend to work in silos, despite the obvious issues (e.g., unfair privacy terms imposed for web-based services). To aid this situation, the EDPS facilitates a Digital Clearing House bringing together regulators from different jurisdictions at national and supranational level, offering a chance to exchange information and determine the best means of tackling abuse and potential threats to the rights and interests of individuals in the online environment. This panel will consider the following questions: - What should be the priorities for this network? - Which cases in the fields of competition, consumer, data protection and others require more dialogue and cooperation across jurisdictional boundaries? -Should it be possible for regulatory authorities in one jurisdiction to require remedies which address the concerns of other authorities? - How might this be achieved while respecting the independence of regulators and the confidentiality of investigations?
https://wn.com/Cpdp_2017_Digital_Rights_And_Enforcement.
The Fall of the UK Pub

The Fall of the UK Pub

  • Order:
  • Duration: 2:28
  • Updated: 06 Aug 2009
  • views: 2154
videos
The UK's traditional pub is facing last orders. The British Beer and Pub Association says a record 52 pubs are closing every week and 5000 have shut in the past three years. Competition from supermarkets and the sharp downturn in consumer spending are all piling on the pressure. Neil Williams of the British Beer and Pub Association says high prices are also to blame. [Neil Williams, British Beer and Pub Association]: "The pub trade is experiencing a really perfect storm of adverse conditions at the moment. We've got the credit crunch and the recession, which is doing huge damage to lots of pubs. We've also had massive increases on government tax on beer, which is still the key product for pubs. In the last 18 months, we've had a 20 percent increase, and also the government continues to plan for more regulation and red tape which is also pushing a lot of pubs out of business." Brick Lane in east London once had 20 pubs. Many of them have been turned into shops, cafes and restaurants. But the Pride of Spitalfield is still standing, 20 years since its landlady Anne Butler took it on. She says a 2007 British smoking ban has put a strain on business. [Anne Butler, Landlady of the Pride of Spitalfields]: "It's all to do with the council and the powers they've given to the lay people. And because we can't smoke in the pub, we've got to smoke in the street, which obviously people aren't used to, and it is noisy, but nobody can have their cake and eat it, you know." There's no putting off regulars here though. They say struggling pubs should follow the Pride of Spitalfield's warm welcome. [Robin, Pub Customer]: "I just think it's a lovely local friend, food is great, beer is cheap, like the company, met lots of people in here." [Jim, Pub Customer]: "Anne owns the pub, which is completely different. She's a tenant, so she's not tied to a brewery. And the breweries are the ones that put the prices up." But the downturn means many brewers have also been forced to shut their doors, putting more people out of work. There are over 53,000 pubs across Britain, but with the rate of closure forecast to accelerate further, there'll be far fewer scenes like these.
https://wn.com/The_Fall_Of_The_UK_Pub
17th Edition Domestic Inspection and Testing Initial Verification

17th Edition Domestic Inspection and Testing Initial Verification

  • Order:
  • Duration: 5:36
  • Updated: 20 May 2012
  • views: 146859
videos
PLEASE NOTE A REVISED VERSION OF THE FULL VIDEO WITH CHANGES FOR AMD3:2015 IS NOW AVAILABLE ON LEARNINGLOUNGE This excerpt from a video produced with NICEIC works through an initial verification for a new electrical installation. Practical guidance for the step by step approach is provided by NICEIC's Tony Cable and LearningLounge.com's Dave Austin. The full video can be purchased on private use DVD from www.niceicdirect.com it is also available online at www.learninglounge.com For our full content synopsis follow the link below www.learninglounge.com/supportdocs/electrical.pdf
https://wn.com/17Th_Edition_Domestic_Inspection_And_Testing_Initial_Verification
Council tax follow up call..Demands made upon my person, must see 2017 Update

Council tax follow up call..Demands made upon my person, must see 2017 Update

  • Order:
  • Duration: 11:13
  • Updated: 10 Jan 2017
  • views: 4981
videos
Tbc
https://wn.com/Council_Tax_Follow_Up_Call..Demands_Made_Upon_My_Person,_Must_See_2017_Update
CI Congress: Ed Mayo interview

CI Congress: Ed Mayo interview

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:57
  • Updated: 30 Oct 2007
  • views: 482
videos https://wn.com/Ci_Congress_Ed_Mayo_Interview
CPDP 2016: Appfail or appwin? Towards consumer rights and privacy in mobile apps.

CPDP 2016: Appfail or appwin? Towards consumer rights and privacy in mobile apps.

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:14:20
  • Updated: 25 Feb 2016
  • views: 92
videos
Appfail or appwin? Towards consumer rights and privacy in mobile apps. Organised by the Norwegian Consumer Council Chair Julie Brill, Federal Trade Commission (US) Moderator: Andrew Rebera, Synektica (UK) Panel: Finn Myrstad, Norwegian Consumer Council (NO), Romain Robert, EDPS (EU), Richard Tynan, Privacy International (UK), Marc van der Ham, Google (BE) Mobile apps are increasingly necessary in our everyday lives; they are our links to our social networks, our workout buddies, and our freinds. With increasing data brokering and a growing industry willing to pay for user data, there is little incentive for legal compliance. This causes users to mistrust technological products and services, which, in turn, has a chilling effect on the digital economy. In this regard, it seems that smart phones and their apps work in a way that is incompatible with their own terms of service and privacy policies. Moreover, these [terms of service and privacy policies] are themselves shown to be inconsistent with EU consumer and privacy regulations. Creating a digital environment in which consumers can trust apps with access to their personal data, should be a win-win for consumers, industry and governments. The panel will discuss how we get there. In particular, the following questions will be discussed: - How do we move towards a digital market that provides the innovative mobile apps we desire, while meeting consumers’ rights when it comes to privacy, ownership and fair agreements? - How can we create a digital environment where consumers can trust apps with access to personal data, without having to search terms and conditions for breaches of rights? - How can platforms and app providers make sure that basic consumer rights in apps are met? - How can governments more efficiently intervene when consumer rights are breached in mobile apps?
https://wn.com/Cpdp_2016_Appfail_Or_Appwin_Towards_Consumer_Rights_And_Privacy_In_Mobile_Apps.
Retail 2030: New Challenges for Location Analysis

Retail 2030: New Challenges for Location Analysis

  • Order:
  • Duration: 52:28
  • Updated: 15 Jun 2015
  • views: 725
videos
Dr. Jonathan Reynolds, Consumer Data Research Centre, University of Oxford - This year’s Retail Location Analysis (RLA) programme at University of Oxford included contributions from two Consumer Data Research Centre (http://cdrc.ac.uk/) investigators, Dr. Jonathan Reynolds and Prof Alex Singleton. CDRC is an Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC) Data Investment. Retail Location Analysis (http://www.sbs.ox.ac.uk/faculty-research/oxirm/workshops-and-training/rla) is an annual executive education programme run by the Oxford Institute of Retail Management within the Said Business School’s programme portfolio, now in its 29th year. It is designed for retail managers with oversight of or day-to-day responsibility for planning and development. University of Oxford, Said Business School, 27-29 April 2015 Watch also Prof Alex Singleton’s (University of Liverpool) presentation on ‘Developments in Spatial Data Visualisation’ - https://youtu.be/hjx0KRewwlo
https://wn.com/Retail_2030_New_Challenges_For_Location_Analysis
The Chinese e commerce opportunity  Selling Direct to Chinese Consumers through the Royal Mail T mal

The Chinese e commerce opportunity Selling Direct to Chinese Consumers through the Royal Mail T mal

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:13:42
  • Updated: 04 May 2016
  • views: 339
videos
With 688 million internet users and over 300 million online shoppers, there has never been a better time to reach Chinese shoppers and businesses via online channels. - Are you an SME looking at the Chinese market? - Are you put off by the perceived cost and complexity associated with entering China? - Would you like to find out what the real opportunity is and how you could benefit from it? Royal Mail and Avenue51 together with the China Britain Business Council invites you to rewatch a one-hour webinar held on May 4th focused on the opportunity provided by the Chinese e-commerce market with particular focus on the Royal Mail’s Tmall Global Store. Speakers include representatives of Royal Mail’s Tmall team, Avenue51’s China e-commerce specialists and CBBC's sector lead for e-commerce. The speakers provide all the information you need in order to decide whether the cross-border e-commerce route to access the Chinese market is right for your business. The agenda includes: - An overview of the Chinese e-commerce market: What is the real opportunity in China? - Market entry channels / business models - How it works: The Royal Mail Tmall Store on Tmall Global - What products sell: Why do the Chinese buy British? - What it takes: Marketing and promotion in China for British brands - Practical challenges and how to avoid them (tax, customs & IP issues)
https://wn.com/The_Chinese_E_Commerce_Opportunity_Selling_Direct_To_Chinese_Consumers_Through_The_Royal_Mail_T_Mal
Industrial Design Council of Australia - Consumer Education Film

Industrial Design Council of Australia - Consumer Education Film

  • Order:
  • Duration: 9:55
  • Updated: 28 Aug 2008
  • views: 1244
videos
This film was created in the 1970s by the Industrial Design Council of Australia to educate the general public on value of good design.
https://wn.com/Industrial_Design_Council_Of_Australia_Consumer_Education_Film
How to choose the best heating technician in Ireland

How to choose the best heating technician in Ireland

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:31
  • Updated: 27 Mar 2017
  • views: 61
videos
http://www.oftec.co.uk/Consumers/FindTechnician This video explains how to select the right heating business to install or service your oil, solid fuel or renewable heating system. For efficient, safe and reliable heating, it’s wise to select a heating business that is OFTEC registered. It means their technicians have taken an approved training course and assessment and been independently inspected by OFTEC. In England and Wales, OFTEC registered installers can undertake work without needing to submit a building control notice. Their work is covered by OFTEC’s workmanship warranty and, once the job is finished, they will notify the installation on your behalf, ensuring you have the correct legal paperwork should you move home. Keeping your heating system running efficiently is also important. Employing an OFTEC registered business to carry out an annual service will keep your equipment running safely and efficiently, saving money and giving you peace of mind. There are over 6,000 OFTEC registered heating businesses in the UK and Republic of Ireland. You can find then by using OFTEC’s online find a technician listing: http://www.oftec.co.uk/Consumers/FindTechnician You can also find useful information on the Northern Ireland Consumer Council website: http://www.consumercouncil.org.uk/energy/home-heating-oil/
https://wn.com/How_To_Choose_The_Best_Heating_Technician_In_Ireland
Does your electricity keep tripping off? Some simple tips to fix it.

Does your electricity keep tripping off? Some simple tips to fix it.

  • Order:
  • Duration: 4:22
  • Updated: 15 Apr 2013
  • views: 174227
videos
Does your electricity keep switching off ? This video gives some simple things to check in order to find what is causing the problem. My new website on DIY ,household repairs ,plumbing and heating is at http://www.dereton33.com
https://wn.com/Does_Your_Electricity_Keep_Tripping_Off_Some_Simple_Tips_To_Fix_It.
Consumer Protection- A Brief

Consumer Protection- A Brief

  • Order:
  • Duration: 9:49
  • Updated: 05 Dec 2012
  • views: 20627
videos
In this module, the learner will understand the concept of consumer protection, its importance in society, methodologies for the same and disputes redressal mechanism in brief. This is a product of Mexus Education Pvt. Ltd., an education innovations company based in Mumbai, India. http://www.mexuseducation.com, http://www.ikenstore.in
https://wn.com/Consumer_Protection_A_Brief
Bagged Salads and Salmonella - University of Leicester

Bagged Salads and Salmonella - University of Leicester

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:25
  • Updated: 18 Nov 2016
  • views: 5373
videos
Investigations by University of Leicester microbiologists have revealed that just a small amount of damage to salad leaves could massively stimulate the presence of the food poisoning bug Salmonella in ready-prepared salad leaves. The scientists have discovered that juices released from damaged leaves also had the effect of enhancing the virulence of the pathogen, potentially increasing its ability to cause infection in the consumer. The research is led by Dr Primrose Freestone of the University’s Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation and PhD student Giannis Koukkidis, who has been funded by a Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council i-case Studentship. Their research investigates novel methods of preventing food poisoning pathogens from attaching to the surface of salad leaves to help producers improve food safety for consumers. This latest study, published today (18 November) in Applied and Environmental Microbiology found that juices from damaged leaves in bagged spinach and mixed salad increased Salmonella pathogen growth 2400-fold over a control group and also enhanced their adherence to surfaces and overall virulence, or capacity to cause disease. Dr Freestone said: “Salad leaves are cut during harvesting and we found that even microliters of the juices (less than 1/200th of a teaspoon) which leach from the cut-ends of the leaves enabled Salmonella to grow in water, even when it was refrigerated. These juices also helped the Salmonella to attach itself to the salad leaves so strongly that vigorous washing could not remove the bacteria, and even enabled the pathogen to attach to the salad bag container. "This strongly emphasises the need for salad leaf growers to maintain high food safety standards as even a few Salmonella cells in a salad bag at the time of purchase could be become many thousands by the time a bag of salad leaves reaches its use by date, even if kept refrigerated. Even small traces of juices released from damaged leaves can make the pathogen grow better and become more able to cause disease. "It also serves as a reminder to consume a bagged salad as soon as possible after it is opened. We found that once opened, the bacteria naturally on the leaves also grew much faster even when kept cold in the fridge. “This research did not look for evidence of salmonella in bagged salads. Instead, it examined how Salmonella grows on salad leaves when they are damaged." Leafy green and other salad vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet, providing vitamins, minerals, and dietary fibre. Ready to eat prepared salads are particularly popular, are widely consumed and so of significant economic importance. Over recent years there has however been a number of outbreaks associated with fresh salad produce contaminated with Salmonella and E. coli both in the USA and Europe. This has triggered considerable interest in effective strategies for controls and interventions measures both in UK industry, the EU and key research funding bodies (http://www.food.gov.uk). Research published recently by the Food Standards Agency reported that annually there are more than 500,000 cases of food poisoning in the UK. While poultry meat was the most common source of infection, some 48,000 of food poisoning cases were from fresh produce: vegetables, fruit, nuts and sprouting seeds http://www.food.gov.uk/news-updates/news/2014/6097/foodpoisoning. Importantly, Salmonella was the pathogen that caused the greatest number of hospital admissions – around 2,500 per year. Despite a number of published reports on improving the microbiological safety of salad leaf production, very few studies have investigated the behaviour of Salmonella once the leaves have been bagged. Giannis said: "Anything which enhances adherence of foodborne pathogens to leaf surfaces also increases their persistence and ability to resist removal, such as during salad washing procedures. Even more worrying for those who might eat a Salmonella contaminated salad was the finding that proteins required for the virulence (capacity to cause infection) of the bacteria were increased when the Salmonella came into contact with the salad leaf juices. "Preventing enteric pathogen contamination of fresh salad produce would not only reassure consumers but will also benefit the economy due to fewer days lost through food poisoning. We are now working hard to find ways of preventing salad-based infections" This film was made by Marketing and Student Recruitment at the University of Leicester. Filmed and Edited by Carl Vivian Produced by Ellen Rudge
https://wn.com/Bagged_Salads_And_Salmonella_University_Of_Leicester
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